Neurosurgery is the medical field that focuses on treating surgical disorders of the brain, spine, and peripheral nerves. The training to become a neurosurgeon is one of the most rigorous and competitive in medicine. While every neurosurgeon attempts to treat patients with non-operative measures and reserves surgery as a last resort, neurosurgeons possess the highly specialized skills to perform surgery on the brain, spine, and peripheral nerves when these procedures are required to maximize patients’ chances of achieving a full and complete recovery.